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1. Explain community-policing. List the advantages and disadvantages of community policing. Detail the 2 most points that are important police agencies in utilizing this perspective.
Community Policing brings police and citizens together to avoid crime and solve neighborhood problems. With community policing, the emphasis is on stopping crime before it happens, not responding to calls for service following the crime occurs. Community policing gives citizens more control over the well being within their community. Community policing means police become part of the neighborhood. It will help police get a better sense of resident’s needs and assists residents to build up greater trust in the authorities. In essence the community joins law enforcement department. Those “who believe that community policing is practiced within their neighborhood are more likely to express favorable opinions for the police.”(Weitzer & Tuch, 2006, p. 45) Together, in partnership, the community and police department work together to realize a common aim of a safer, better location to live. It is “democracy in action.”(BJA, August 1994, p. 4).
Community policing sometimes appears as an effective method to promote public safety and to boost the standard of living in a community. Community policing plays a pivotal role in the 2 defining elements of policing: police-community relations and problem-solving. “First, it will broaden police organization goals …Second, it will alter the way police are organized to perform their goals.” (Weisburd & Braga, 2007, p. 47) Active participation is necessary from the local government to the average citizen in order for community policing to focus. Most people are in charge of safeguarding the welfare of the neighborhood. Unlike traditional policing methods, the goals of policing are expanded and the perception of community is changed. Traditional policing assumes buy essay writing online that the nagging problems of society are not within the world of law enforcement department. Traditional police departments are strictly reactive and look that is don’t efficiently resolving the immediate incident at hand. Police officers are tied to the dispatcher and rarely have time to do more than answer one call after another. The police department, as a business, separates itself from the populous city’s infrastructure and from city services.
Implementing community policing changes the structure of policing and exactly how it is managed. Community policing helps build up and strengthen the community. In addition it links the police and also the community together. The partnership that develops in the long run can help the police ultimately find the underlying causes of crime within the neighborhood. By getting the community involved, the police have more resources available in their mind to assist in crime prevention. By familiarizing themselves with the members of the community, officers are more inclined to obtain valuable details about criminals and their activities. They are also almost certainly going to obtain a reliable evaluation associated with needs of citizens and their expectations of this police.
As previously stated, community policing plays a major part in police-community relations and problem-solving. To be able to develop a partnership with the community, first the police must form a great relationship with the area. The authorities must make an effort to involve a nearby in its pursuit to control crime. Most community concerns and solutions are identified through problem-solving. The objective would be to to reduce crime and disorder by diligently examining the attributes of concerns in communities after which applying the most suited solutions that are problem-solving.
With any method of policing you will find going to be benefits and drawbacks. Among the main advantages to community policing is the fact that it reduces fear in the community. With an increase in police presence within the neighborhood the residents feel more secure. This sense of security helps the police establish trust within the community. As citizen be much more active in caring for their community, they begin to understand what officers really do on a basis that is day-to-day. This improves police-community relations. Ultimately, total well being for the community improves and crime is reduced. An additional benefit is that community policing is flexible and with the capacity of changing. The solutions and strategies change because the grouped community changes. If an agenda works in a single community it doesn’t mean that it is going to work in every communities. Community policing allows the city to generate solutions which will work of their own neighborhood and also to change or eliminate the ones that usually do not work. Community policing could be implemented in a limitless number of ways. This is also true of problem-solving. They both are only limited by one’s imagination. Community policing offers an array of benefits. Making use that is effective of talents and resources available within communities may help extend severely strained police resources. Also, reduced levels of crime will allow more police resources to be allocated to services which have the impact that is greatest from the quality of community life.
A major disadvantage is that the only way that community policing has been community involvement.
There should be a recognised partnership between the police officers in addition to community. Any attempts at community policing will fail without the trust and involvement of the community. “Police and there would-be partners do not always value the same, as well as compatible, things” (Thacher, 2001, p. 766). Effective community policing requires a long-term commitment from everyone involved. It’s not a quick fix. Ongoing relationships must certanly be established and maintained. Another disadvantage to community policing is making sure that the people that are right heading within the project. The main focus must be of enhancing the community rather than making use of the program to advance their very own career that is personal agendas. Also, programs like community policing can be regressive. Oftentimes when there is an issue that will require help from the city it seem like the people that are same step of progress. These are usually the homeowners which have longstanding ties to the community. Community policing requires involvement that is everyone’s not only the home owners.
“Over 10 years after it had been first introduced, community policing remains the most important innovation in American policing today.” (Forman, Autumn 2002, p. 1) The advantages of implementing community policing still outweigh the disadvantages. Having the community on there side can simply benefit the authorities inside their aid to control and stop crime. Also, utilizing the police more mixed up in daily activities associated with the grouped community will help with the revitalization associated with community. This will probably only happen if both the authorities and the community are able to put in enough time, effort, and patience that is required when implementing the community policing program.